Sunday, 15 July 2018

Zevachim 93: Sin Offerings: Sprinkling, Laundering

Our daf describes the mei chatat, the water of purification, and how it is sprinkled on a zav (a man with a gonorrhoeal type discharge, a menstruating woman or woman who has given birth to correct for contact with a corpse.  If the water was passed over the menstruating woman would it become disqualified?  

We learn that the water may or may not be considered to have rested above if it passes over an oven that contains the carcass of a creeping animal.  Steinsaltz reminds us that there are seven creeping animals - these are thought to be rats, mice, dabb lizards, monitors, lizards, snakes, skinks, and chameleons.  Sprinkling of blood is discussed next.

A new Mishna teaches that clothes are only required to be laundered for sin offerings if the blood is is prepared for sprinkling but is poured out before it has been sprinkled.  The Gemara clarifies that Sprinkling does not require a measure; a minimum amount of water is not required to ensure that one has been purified.

The rabbis discuss the amount of blood required for successfully dipping the priest's finger in the blood and sprinkling.  They consider proof texts which suggest that they should not have to measure the amount of blood present, even if that is two types of blood combined.  

We learn a second new Mishna in today's daf.  It teaches us:

  • Rabbi Yeduha: if the blood of a sin offering sprayed on the hide of an animal before it was prepared for offering it does not require laundering because it is not a garment and thus not susceptible to ritual impurity. If sprinkled after it was flayed, the animal requires laundering
  • Rabbi Elazar: the blood sprayed onto a hide after it was flayed does not require laundering because it is not yet sucepible to ritual impurity
  • The garment mentioned in the Torah, the sackcloth and the hide all require laundering in the sacred place of the Temple courtyard/breaking & rinsing an earthenware vessel which cooked a sin offering
  • these tasks are treated with stringency regarding sin offerings but not regarding offerings of the most sacred order

No comments:

Post a Comment