Friday, 16 August 2019

Temura 27: Paying Beyond the Value of the Original Sanctified Animal

We have learned that temura - trading a sanctified animal for another animal - is not permitted and both animals will become sanctified.  However, we have also learned that under certain conditions this is permitted.  If a sanctified animal develops a blemish, it must be redeemed and another animal for sacrificed is purchased with that money.  We learned from the Mishna on yesterday's daf that if that exchange were made, the new animal would make up the value of the original animal even if it is worth more than the replacement.

Rabbi Yochanan teaches us that the exchange is permitted according to Torah law, and the sages simply added their opinions about making up the value of the original animal.. Reish Lakish states that making up the value of the original animal is derived from the Torah, as well.

Shmuel taught that a sanctified object worth at least a maneh was redeemed on a peruta, the smallest coin in use during the times of the Mishna, it is a permitted.*. Rabbi Yochanan ruled that in Emet L'yaakov, Rabbi Yaakov Kaminetsky suggests that if Reish Lakish agrees with Shmuel, he can explain that there are two separate parts to a sanctified object.  First, it hold a holiness.  Second, a consecrated animal is the communal property of the Jewish people.  The holiness might be removed through temura, but the full value should be paid as fair compensation.

*  Perutot are worth very little, for example
   1 dinar =192 perutot
   19,200 perutot = 1 maneh