Thursday, 12 April 2018

Horayot 12: Anointing Oil Practices, Kohen Gadol Vs. Kohen

Some points from today's daf:

  • The anointing oil, specially prepared to be saved until the end of days, is said to be lost along with the aron kodesh, the holy ark
  • King Yoshiahu is said to have hidden sacred items, believing that the Jews would be exiled in his time (end of the first Temple)
  • The rabbis discuss how high priests and kings were anointed with oil: first the head and then between the eyebrows? is it alright to have droplets on the beard? etc.
  • The rabbis understand that kings were permitted to be anointed along with high priests because "no other man" may be anointed - kings are not just men
  • the rabbis discuss where one should be anointed
  • the rabbis discuss a number of issues that affect only a high priest and not an ordinary priest:
    • a par for a chata sin
    • hair stays short, cloths are torn at the bottom
    • cannot become impure to bury a relative
    • must marry a virgin and cannot marry a widow
    • on his death, a unintentional murderer is released from a city of refuge
    • he can serve in the Temple on the day a relative died but cannot eat sanctified food during the day
    • when not an open he has first rights to the sacrifice and his share of sanctified foods
    • he wears eight garments when he is serving
    • he can do the Yom Kipur prayers
    • if he enters the mikdash or eats teruma while tamei, he is exempt from liability
    • these rules also apply to a merubah begadim, unanointed high priest, except for the par as an offering
  • The rabbis discuss which practice take precedence if one commits a sin transgressing a halacha that is of high frequency and also of great holiness

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